Monday, May 25, 2020
It is now 64 years since George Orwell released the famous futuristic novel Ã¢â¬Å"1984Ã¢â¬ . In the book he describes a frightening society with omnipresent government surveillance. Big Brother is watching you. His novel has never been more relevant than after the war against terror gave the government reason to increase the surveillance. The war against terror is bringing us closer to Orwells dystopian society. Do we have to pay this high price to win the war against terror? After 9/11, the USA and the rest of the world were in shock. To keep the American people calm the government had to act fast. On the same day as the attack of the Twin Towers, President George W. Bush declared war on terrorism. On October the 26th 2001, the USA Patriot ActÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Patriot Act gave the FBI mandate to search without warrant, eavesdrop and detain and deport terrorism suspects. Despite all this effort the US once again experienced terror attacks in 2011 as the Tsarnev brothers executed the Boston Marathon bombings, killing 3 and injuring 264 people. Investigations showed that these radical Islamists had been under the radar for quite some time. They had even been warned by the Russian Federal Security Service about the Chechen brothers turning towards radicalism. (2013, Wikipedia) The result of this was that the President gave more powers to the FBI, once again weakening the principals of the Rechtsstaat. The FBI could now arrest and interrogate without reading them their rights as well as interviewing witnesses without identifying themselves as FBI agents. The government is gradually sacrificing liberty in the fight against terror. It looks like the liberty will lose more and more terrain in the years to come. (2013) In April 2005, Americans were asked whether they thought the Patriot Act went too far or not. The result was surprising, 30% of the people asked thought that the Act gave the government too much power, while 41% believed that it did not. The poll also showed that the people who knew a lot about the Patriot Act mostly believed that it went too far, 45%, 37 % said about right and 17% did notShow MoreRelated Controversy ove the Patriot Act Essay2105 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesact is viewed with utmost contempt for its Orwellian nature allowing Big Brother to read your email and look through your library records. The security versus liberty debate prevails with both sides citing legal and ethical reasons in support or in opposition to this controversial act. Hastily passed with virtually no debate forty five days after the terror attacks of September 11, the USA PATRIOT actÃ¢â¬â¢s stated purpose is to Ã¢â¬Å"deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the worldRead MoreThe Civil War Has Changed The Country987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesour nationÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs and freedoms; fought to preserve the Union, this war shaped what America was and would become. The Civil War changed the notion of what liberty was, the transition from negative freedom to positive freedom is an influential aspect of American idealism. The ideal of liberty that emerged from the Civil War, was that the liberty came from the power of freedom (McPherson, 1991). Future wars were fought on the notion of protecting and expanding American interpretation of freedom; andRead MoreThe USA Patriot Act Essay1501 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescrossed the threshold of violating civil liberties this county and those living in it were guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States. Ã¢â¬Å"On October 26, 2001, the Public Law 107-56, Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism, also known as the USA Patriot Act, was signed into effectÃ¢â¬ (Stern, 2004, p. 1112). While speaking to Congress, President George Bush stated, Ã¢â¬Å"Either you are with us, or you are with the terroristÃ¢â¬ (SternRead MoreLegal Constraints And Its Effect On The War On Terror1298 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe war on terror, following the events of 9/11, made people acknowledge a new form of enemy. Terrorisms became the central focus of nations and various actions were taken to ensure that such a horrendous act never transpires again. However, the problems associated with these legal constraints has led to many international law violations. This paper will seek to discuss these legal constraints and its effect on the war on terror. In order to demonstrate this, the principles of distinction, proportio nalityRead MoreUnderstanding Of Securitization By Breaking Down Discourse1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages What the Ethiopian case represents, nevertheless, is the role of the fourth claim. At the point when making the case that one s practices and/or character don t represent a risk however are rather under danger, security remains the predominant casing of reference and securitisation the core procedure locked in. To put it plainly, one is fighting securitisation with securitisation. Even more dangerously, however, as the evidences from Ethiopia uncovers, the very markers used to portray one s threatenedRead MoreEssay about Fighting Terrorism Without Invading Privacy1818 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"In the long, twilight struggle against Communism, we had been reminded that the very liberties that we sought to preserve could not be sacrificed at the altar of national security Ã¢â¬Å" (Ã¢â¬Å"ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Speech OnÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ 1). One of these very civil liberties, recently recognized by the United Nations, is the Ã¢â¬Å"right to privacy in the digital ageÃ¢â¬ . Although the action s of the United Nations are not legally binding, it is evident that the right to Internet privacy is becoming increasingly important in the internationalRead MoreHls 410 Essay2780 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesRunning head: HOMELAND SECURITY 410 - FINAL PROJECT TOPIC Provide a synopsis of the article written by Professor Alan Dershowitz. Then identify and describe the critical issues addressed in the article. In your paper, thoroughly discuss and evaluate the following concepts: the ticking time bomb hypothesis; Dershowitzs comments regarding Jeremy Bentham as well as his comments about Voltaires views; and the three ways to deal with the use of torture in the ticking time bomb situationRead MoreEssay on War of Terroism1809 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesrights be sacrificed in order to protect themselves from terrorism. While suspending these rights make the fight on terrorism easier, it comes with a high democratic toll. In recent years, new body-scanners have been implemented at many airports which are in violation of ones rights and freedoms. Anti-terrorism tactics have been exlimplying how the government has gone too far in the fight against terrorism. In the past 20 years, over one-half of the impoverished countries in this world have enduredRead MoreIndividual Privacy vs National Security5833 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagesIndividual Privacy VS National Security John Williams ENG 122: GSE 1244A Instructor: Ebony Gibson November 1, 2012 Individual Privacy VS National Security Introduction Since the terrorist attack of 9/11, America has been in a high level conflict with terrorist around the world, particularly the group known as Al Qaeda. There has been many discussions within the U.S. Congress about the measures of how to effectively combat this organization and their members, here and abroad. ConsequentlyRead MorePolitical Dispute Over Mass Surveillance Technology2165 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesgovernment agencies such as the FBI, CIA, and most prominently the NSA versus civil society groups like American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), and Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), as well as powerful people like Edward Snowden, and technology companies including Microsoft, Apple, Twitter, and Google (Nakashima 2015). These sides are clear. Which is understandable. Those government agencies were founded on the notion of protecting us, and that is a standard that as Americans we have come to expect
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is an allegory that connects the boysÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior in the novel to the basic behavior of human nature. In the novel, the boys fear a wild beast that has the potential to kill them off. However, Simon, a quiet boy, finds that the beast is not an animal that everyone should fear, but is a part of each boy himself. As Simon wanders back to a beautiful meadow that he had traveled to before, he finds that it has changed. Instead of the peaceful meadow that Simon had discovered previously, the bloody head of a sow impaled by Jack and his follows taints the meadow. They had done this as an offering to the beast, hoping that the beast would be satisfied with the sowÃ¢â¬â¢s head and would give up hunting for theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦See?Ã¢â¬ (Golding 144). Simon, in shock of what the Lord of the Flies says to him, Ã¢â¬Å"knew that one of his times was coming onÃ¢â¬ (Golding 143). His emotional distress triggers his body to lose all consciousness. The encounter with the Lord of the Flies supports SimonÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts that the beast that the boys are hunting for is not an actual animal. The Lord of the Flies tries to persuade Simon to let go of his rational thoughts and be taken over by his primal instincts in order to have fun like the other boys. However, when SimonÃ¢â¬â¢s silence declares that he refuses to let go of logic and rationality, the Lord of the Flies realizes that Simon knows what the beast really isÃ¢â¬âthe innermost part of the boys. Simon seems to make this connection that the Lord of the Flies is representational to the inner beast within the boys almost instantly. Ã¢â¬Å"His gaze was held by that ancient, inescapable recognitionÃ¢â¬ (Golding 139). Simon instantly The Lord of the Flies quickly makes the connection, too. Ã¢â¬Å"You knew, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t you? IÃ¢â¬â¢m part of you? Close, close, close! IÃ¢â¬â¢m the reason why itÃ¢â¬â¢s no go? Why things are what they are?Ã¢â¬ (Golding, 1 ). Th e Lord of the Flies is symbolic to all the evil that is in humans. As Simon realizes that he was right about the beast, he tries to go back to the other boys to warn them about his discovery, but the Lord of the Flies gets angry. Ã¢â¬Å"This is ridiculous. You know perfectly well youÃ¢â¬â¢ll only meet me down thereÃ¢â¬âso donÃ¢â¬â¢t try toShow MoreRelatedLord of the Flies by William Golding932 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdiscussing two particular themes from a novel called Lord of the Flies by William Golding. Lord of the Flies was written in 1954 after World War II. Ruler of the Flies is a purposeful anecdote about something that many readers canÃ¢â¬â¢t really describe. Individuals cant choose precisely what. Its either about the inalienable underhanded of man, or mental battle, or religion, or personal inclination, or the creators emotions on war; however William Golding was in the Navy throughout World War II, or perhapsRead MoreGood Versus Evil in Lord of the Flies by Willia m Golding Essay1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGood vs. Evil Many years ago, Charles Darwin introduced a theory that we humans are a species which evolved from animals that have inhabited the Earth for many years, and he believed that we were civilized, intelligent, and logical life forms for these very reasons. In the novel, Lord of the Flies by William Golding there is a prominent theme of good versus evil which reveals that maybe humans are not the civilized human beings that they were said to be. William Golding carefully netted this themeRead MoreTheme Of Lord Of The Flies And The Guide Essay1407 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMD. Moazzam Hossain ID NO. 133013040 ENG 302 The Novel-1 Submitted to: Ms Arifa Rahaman Date: 09.12.2015 Theme of Ã¢â¬ËLord of The FliesÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËThe GuideÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËLord of the fliesÃ¢â¬â¢(1954) and Ã¢â¬ËThe guideÃ¢â¬â¢(1958) are the two novels written by famous novelists William Golding and R.K. Narayan. Ã¢â¬ËLord of the FliesÃ¢â¬â¢ portrays the story of a group of British boys trapped on an abandoned island who try to administrate themselves with catastrophic results and On the other side, R.K. Narayan quite consciouslyRead MoreLord of the Flies3107 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesLord of the Flies William Golding In Between the Modern and the Postmodern Content: 1. Fragments chosen.............................................................................. 2. In Between the Modern and the Postmodern - essey........................ 3. Questions.............................................................................................. 4. Bibliography........................................................................................ [Read MoreWilliam Golding s Lord Of The Flies1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesInterviewer LetÃ¢â¬â¢s talk about William Golding and his most famous book, Lord of the Flies, in which a group of British schoolboys - aged from around 6-12 - become stranded on an island, and quickly begin their descent into chaos. Today, I am joined by literarian and William Golding expert, Lara Caglar. Expert Hi, Vanessa, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a pleasure to be here Interviewer Together, we will be discussing the question on everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s minds, what happened to Golding that led him to have such an incredibly negativeRead MoreLord Of The Flies Literary Analysis1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Lord of the FliesÃ¢â¬ written by William Golding and published in 1954 is an allegory and social commentary that takes place on a deserted tropical island. An island that becomes populated when a plane crashes and leaves British schoolboys stranded. The group of boys attempt to recreate the civilization they came from, by choosing a leader: Ralph but, Jack wants to lead also, which causes the boys to little by little leave civility and form into savages. The microcosm Golding creates exploresRead MoreComparing The Novel Lord Of The Flies And Heart Of Darkness2292 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesTopic: Comparing behavior of two main characters from two different books Introduction There are both similarities and differences between the protagonists of the Novels Lord of the FliesÃ¢â¬ (Golding) and Ã¢â¬Å"Heart of DarknessÃ¢â¬ (Conrad). In each case we have the supposedly civilized individual(s) degenerating into savagery. As well, other characters are involved and highly influenced by the protagonist(s). This report discusses these two books and what can be observed from comparing works of essentiallyRead MoreLord Of Flies By William Golding1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In the Ã¢â¬ËLord of fliesÃ¢â¬â¢ by William Golding, the theme of civilization vs. Savagery is explored. When a bunch of children are stranded on an island, the conflict between savagery and the rules of civilization begins to split the boys into two groups. Throughout the novel, the conflict is exaggerated by the two main characters, Ralph and Jack. While Ralph uses his abilities to control the kids and be civilized on the island. Jack lets his impulses get to him and creates a gro up of which act like savagesRead Morelord of the flies notebook check4355 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Lord of the Flies Notebook Check 1. Ã¢â¬Å"Why Boys Become ViciousÃ¢â¬ Author Study 2. Vocabulary 3. Characterization 4. Plot/Conflict 5. Symbolism 6. Allegory 7. Chapters 1, 2, and 3 Questions 8. Chapters 4, 5, and 6 Questions 9. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 Questions 10. Chapters 10, 11, and 12 Questions Notebook Check #1: Ã¢â¬Å"Why Boys Become ViciousÃ¢â¬ Author Study Ã¢â¬Å"Why Boys Become ViciousÃ¢â¬ (1989) William Golding Written in response to the murder of a two-year-old boy by two twelve-year-old boys. AnswerRead MoreComparing The Novels Lord Of The Flies And Heart Of Darkness4107 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesThere are both similarities and differences between the protagonists of the Novels Lord of the FliesÃ¢â¬ (Golding) and Ã¢â¬Å"Heart of DarknessÃ¢â¬ (Conrad). In each case we have the supposedly civilized individual(s) degenerating into savagery. As well, other characters are involved and highly influenced by the protagonist(s). This report discusses these two books and what can be observed from comparing works of essentially different world perspectives Ã¢â¬â one was published in 1902 and the other in 1954
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Life and career Ruskin Bond was born in a military hospital in [Kasauli] to Edith Clerke and Aubrey Bond. His siblings were Ellen and William. RuskinÃ¢â¬â¢s father was with the Royal Air Force. When Bond was four years old, his mother was separated from his father and married a Punjabi-Hindu, Mr. Hari, who himself had been married once. Bond spent his early childhood in Jamnagar and Shimla. At the age of ten Ruskin went to live at his grandmothers house in Dehradun after his fathers sudden death in 1944 from malaria. Ruskin was raised by his mother, who remarried an Indian businessman. He completed his schooling at Bishop in Shimla, from where he graduated in 1952 after having been successful in winning several writing competitions in theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His novel, The Flight of Pigeons, has been adapted into the Merchant Ivory film Junoon. The Room on the Roof has been adapted into a BBC-produced TV series. Several stories have been incorporated in the school curriculum in India, in cluding The Night Train at Deoli, Time Stops at Shamli, and Our Trees Still Grow in Dehra. In 2007, the Bollywood director Vishal Bharadwaj made a film based on his popular novel for children, The Blue Umbrella. The movie Works Ã¢â¬ ¢ House Ã¢â¬ ¢ Garland of Memories Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Boy Who Broke the Bank Ã¢â¬ ¢ Bus Stop, Pipalnagar Ã¢â¬ ¢ Funny Side Up Ã¢â¬ ¢ Rain in the Mountains-Notes from the Himalayas Ã¢â¬ ¢ Our trees still grow in Dehra Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Season of Ghosts Ã¢â¬ ¢ Tigers Forever Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Town Called Dehra Ã¢â¬ ¢ An island of trees Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Night Train at Deoli Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Face in the Dark and Other Hauntings Ã¢â¬ ¢ Potpourri Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Adventures Of rusty Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Lost Ruby Ã¢â¬ ¢ Crazy times with Uncle Ken Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Death Of Trees Ã¢â¬ ¢ Tales and Legends from India Ã¢â¬ ¢ Hip Hop Nature Boy and Other Poems Novels Ã¢â¬ ¢ Room On The Roof Ã¢â¬ ¢ Vagrants in the Valley Ã¢â¬ ¢ Scenes from a Writers Life Ã¢â¬ ¢ Susannas Seven Husbands Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Flight of Pigeons Ã¢â¬ ¢ Landour Days Ã¢â¬â A writers Journal Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Sensualist by Ruskin Bond Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Road To The Bazaar Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Panthers Moon Ã¢â¬ ¢ Once Upon A Monsoon Time Ã¢â¬ ¢ The India I love Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Kashmiri Storyteller Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Blue Umbrella Ã¢â¬ ¢ The TigerShow MoreRelatedRuskin Bond1411 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction A lot has been written about Ruskin Bond, our very own Indian writer, whose writing s span over 50 years. His versatile, original and elegant style of writing has made him a favourite to readers around the world. Despite Bonds British background, he writes about India as an insiderÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective. Having lived the majority of his life in India, he knows the country well and writes an authenticity and emotional engagement about the land and the people of the Himalayas and small-town IndiaRead MoreThe Eyes Have It -- by Ruskin Bond1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Eyes Have It (also known as The Girl on the Train The Eyes Are Not Here) is a short story by Ruskin Bond that was originally published in Contemporary Indian English Stories. The narrator of this story, a blind man whose eyes were sensitive only to light and darkness, was going to Dehradun by train when he met a girl and had a chit-chat with her. It was only after she left and another passenger came into the compartment that the narrator realizes the girl was blind. Up to Rohana, the narratorRead MoreWomen s Rights Of Women1987 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPeriod. In Pre-Independence time, the writers bearing in mind Rabindranath Tagore, Raja Rao, Sir Aurobindo, Swami Vivekanand, M.K. Gandhi, and Jawaharlal Nehru proved their writing notable. Autobiographies, informative articles, novels, prose, poetry are remarkable in Indian English Literature writings of Ruskin Bond, Salman Rushdie, Vikram Seth, and R.K. Narayan give prestigious image to Indian writings in English. Female writers existed with different themes in society. The discrimination in genderRead MorePunjabi9291 Words Ã |Ã 38 Pagesbut from the perennial wisdom of lndian thought and from such non-modernist Western thinkers as Tolstoy, Ruskin and Thoresu. From the tradition of lndian thought, Gandhi derived the cognitive-evaluative principles of satya (truth) and ahimsa (non-violence or love towards others), which he says should inform our political, economic, scientific and technological a ctivities. I n his autobiography, entitled The Story of My Experiments with Truth, he wrote: 1 t i L Gaadlhu :Evdlltlon and Chmder
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about thePsychologyfor Alzheimer's Disease. Answer: Introduction Alzheimer's disease is progressive neurodenerative disease. In this disease individual specifically loses memory, judgment, cognitive function and consequently physical activity. It also leads to aphasia, apraxia, agnosis and disturbance in the preparation, establishing, sequencing and abstracting. Dementia results in the prominent diminishing of social functioning and drops in the prior level of functioning. These changes are predictable and are associated with cognitive and sensorimotor changes. Alzheimer's disease generally begins after the age of 60 and its onset may happen at the age of 40. Psychological development in the children and adolescence affects in different ways like identity, emotions and relation with parents and peers. Patient with the dementia cant express feelings and emotions and these patients feel like loss of self-esteem (Prado-Jeanetal., 2010). Patients with dementia exhibit dysfunction of the motor function and this can be motor retardation or motor hyperac tivity. Sleep pattern changes are very common in elderly patients, however, it is more prevalent and predominant in the patients with dementia. In studies it has been observed that patients with dementia generally sleep in the daytime and awake at the night time (Rongve et al., 2010). There can be change in the eating pattern in the patients with dementia. These patients prefer to eat more sweet, however it has been observed that there is body weight loss in dementia due to increased metabolic rate. These all the factors affects both physical and psychological development of the patient. These physical and psychological symptoms are evident in the patient with dementia at the early stage of the disease (Monastero et al., 2009). Reisberg (1984), stated that Alzheimer's disease dementia can take individual from adolescence to the infancy. Child like behavior of the adult individual occurs mainly due to the occurrence of Alzheimers disease and this condition is very traumatic and mystifying for family members. These children like behaviors include angry burst, fright and continuous demand for attention from others. These adults should be treated like children and it is termed as infantilizing. These patients cant express their feelings verbally due to the cognitive impairment. These patients express it through pacing or screaming and it should be considered as the adaptive development in the patient. Caretaking of such individuals is very frustrating for the family members and caretakers. Caregivers generally associated with agitation, insomnia and impaired daily activities. In studies, it has been established that there is decline on the acquisition of the routine activities like bathing and dressing in the g rowing children. This decline in the function in almost equal to the time of acquisition of these functions in the children (Reisberg, 1985; Nolen, 1988). Cognition and social behavior in the children and elder people with cognitive development problem like dementia, is almost similar. Infant age is unstable and the same is the case with adult individual with developmental dementia. Children are more sensitive and generally they are more observant of the novel and attractive things around them. Patient with the dementia also exhibit the similar type of behavior. Similar like infant and children, dementia patients also test their actions on the surrounding environment. Children perform tasks in organized or unorganized way based on the stage of the development of the children. However, patients with cognitive impairment lost their cognitive skills and these people shift their functioning from the organized to unorganized direction. Generally it has been observed that children are les s egocentric as they progress in their age. However, dementia patients become more egocentric as there is progression of the disease condition. Imitation is the very common phenomenon observed in the children and same has been exhibited by patients with dementia. Language skill and the thought process are completely different in children as compared to the adults. However, in adults with dementia language skill and thought process almost become similar to the children (Matteson et al., 1996). Thus, it is clearly evident that impairment in the psychological development through dementia results in the reversal in the functioning and social behavior of the children. Theory: Even though there is the criticism about the Piagets theory because observations made in this theory were based on own children and way of demonstration of observation, this theory is widely acceptable for understanding the cognitive development and impairment in children. There were studies conducted which exhibited application of Piagets theory for understanding cognitive development at different stages of life (Ginsberg Opper, 1979; LaFrancois, 1982). Piagets theory is useful in the understanding of the acquirement of the thinking ability and individual with dementia exhibits reverse trend as compared to the Piagets theory. Individuals with dementia exhibit more decline in cognitive function with increase in the age. Piaget stated that patients with the dementia pass through the stage like sensorimotor and preoperational stages. Identification of the particular stage of development in the patient with dementia can be helpful in planning specific intervention for these patients. H ence, dementia affects proper development of individual. Piaget states that adolescence individual are more able to think hypothetically as compared to the children and acquiring power of the adolescence individual is highest as compared the any stage of the life. A study conducted on the individuals of the age group 10 14 years found that these teenagers can organize things more efficiently as compared to the less age group people. It reflects an adolescence individual has more cognitive ability than the children. Younger adults perform effectively in the tasks where rate of cognitive function allocation is more. In tasks like vocabulary, reasoning capability and social decision making, older participants perform effectively as compared to the younger participants. Piagets theory was developed different frameworks and tests for the assessment of cognitive and behavior development in the infants, children, and adolescents. However, fewer studies are available for the application of Piagetss theory in adults. Emery Breslau, (1987) conducted study in the adults by using Piagets frame work and tests. Authors applied five tasks for the evaluation of concrete operations and it was observed that there was significant difference between the normal adults and the adults with dementia in performing concrete operations tasks. Thornbury (1993), evaluated Piagets theory in adults with the use of Infant Psychological Development Scale and concrete operational scale. Author did little modification to the framework of the Piaget. This study confirmed the relationship between the cognitive development and Piagets observations. Ordinal Scales of Psychological Development can also be used in the identification of cognitive parameters of the patients with dementia. Current Research: Barca et al., (2016) conducted study to evaluate experience of children in their development whose parents were associated with the young-onset dementia. Data was collected by interviewing 12 female and 2 female children of parents with early onset dementia. These children expresses that there was conflict in the family during their developmental age. It was also observed that there was augmented level of stress in the children who stayed for longer time with dementia parents. These children also expressed requirement of personal centered care for such type of children. There were different tests available for the diagnosis of dementia in the individual. These tests comprise of tests of language, executive function and some measures of global cognition. These were applied in different geographical areas and on the people with different culture. It was evident from the study that these tests could not be applied uniformly in all the cultures. There should be specific dementia diagnost ic tests based on the cultural background of the person (Weissberger et al., 2013). In the research related to the dementia, it is very much required to evaluate the relation between memory impairment and memory function. It has observed in studies there is no direct relation between the memory impairment and memory function. Loss in memory function is also associated with other factors like memory type, depression and distresses about increased age (Pearman, 2014). Planning for the future requires cognitive involvement and this ability of planning changes with the increasing age of the individual. In a study, it has been observed that upto age of 60, there is normal process of planning in an individual. As the cognitive function declines after age 60, there is requirement of more level of search and cognitive function required for the future planning. Hence, it has been proved that dementia is related to the development of planning in an individual (Kstering et al., 2014). Societal Implication: It has been observed that patients residing in the society are with fewer symptoms of dementia as compared to the patients residing in the hospitals (Frisoni et al., 1999). Intervention of the dementia mainly comprises of emotional support and therapeutic intervention. Therapeutic intervention comprises of drug treatment and rehabilitation. Emotional interventions include increasing awareness of the responsible factors for the stress due to dementia, helping individual for the development of adaptive process to cope with the discomfort and giving moral boost for the psychological and emotional well-being of the person. It has been observed that persons identity can be lost due to dementia. This is due to loss of working ability or skills and social isolation of the individual. In such scenario emotional and psychological intervention is proved to be useful. Psychological therapy is useful in the improving emotional stability of the individual (Cheston Bender, 1999). Person centered counseling keeps patient at the center of the process. In this person centered approach there should be good communication between the patient and nurse or physician and patient should be more socially exposed. In recent times person centered approach proved to be useful for the treatment of dementia (Feltham Horton, 2000). Information and education to the patients of dementia is required in the form of information about dementia, treatment options for dementia, getting help from the physician, information about the dementia organizations, legal issues about dementia. Prospective: Correct identification of the clinical symptoms and proper implementation of the intervention is very much required for dementia patients. Because there is no established model for the clinical diagnosis of the dementia patients and moreover, symptoms of dementia overlap with other psychological conditions. Pathogenesis of these symptoms is not well understood and current observations from the research, it has been established that pathogenesis is multifactorial. Specific interventions should be implemented based on the identified mechanisms of causes and symptoms of the diseases. Currently there is implementation of combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment for the patient with dementia. However, there should be advancement in the more non-pharmacological treatment for dementia which would be safer as compared to the pharmacological treatments. In terms of pharmacological treatments drug should be developed which would be more effective, safer and specific to the particular symptom (Cerejeira, et al., 2012). Most of the studies related to the cognitive development studies were conducted in small number of population. If these studies of cognitive development theory would have been conducted in large population, people incorporating diverse cultures, different socioeconomic classes and people from the different geographical areas, there would have been more understanding on the subjects. It would have been helpful in the development of globally accepted cognitive development theories. Future directions of research should be in the direction of conducting studies to get broader outcome. Summary: In this essay , research question discussed is dementia related to development from adolescence to late adulthood. Initially, in this essay terminologies related to the dementia and development in the human being are discussed. It is evident that, in dementia there is memory loss and consequently loss of the physical activity in the individual. This loss in the memory leads to the abnormal characters in the individual which affects physical, psychological and social wellbeing of the individual. These changes are predictable in the individual through observations, however, these changes in the individual are confounding with the other psychological issues. Hence, it would be difficult to make correct diagnosis of dementia. These dementia patients couldnt be able to express their feelings verbally in accurate way, hence they should develop adaptive processes which can be understand by caretakers. Dementia prevents psychological development of the patient and patients overall behavior returns to the level of child behavior. This condition of the patient would be very disturbing for the care taker. Dementia patients all the physical and behavioral activities are very similar to the children like imitation, egocentric behavior, and language skills. Moreover, these patients perform work in more unorganized way as compared to the children. Piagets theory can be effectively applied in the study of developmental phycology in dementia patients. Originally Piagets theory was developed for the developmental analysis of the children and adolescence, however few researchers applied Piagets theory for the evaluation of the psychological assessment of dementia in adults. Few of the researchers utilized different frameworks and tasks in the original form, however few researchers applied these frameworks and tasks with slight modifications. Application of Piagets theory proved helpful in the finding difference between the normal adult individuals and dementia patients. In his theory Piaget also mentioned about the different stages like sensorimotor and preoperational stages. These dementia patients pass through these stages and it would be feasible to implement specific intervention for the specific stage of the dementia disease in particular individual. Trend of acquisition of new skills is completely opposite in Piagets theory and dementia patients. In dementia patients acquisition of new skills decreases with age while according to Piagets theory acquisition of new skills increases with age. In recent times, studies were conducted to evaluate dementia from different perspectives. Study was conducted to understand the experience of children whose parents were with dementia and it was observed that these children were associated with high level of stress due to their parents. Study was also conducted to evaluate effectiveness of diagnostic techniques in dementia. From this it was concluded that, there is the requirement of evaluation of diagnostic techniques in people with different cultures to get global acceptability of the diagnostic technique. Study was also conducted to evaluate relationship between memory impairment and memory function. Form this study, it is evident that along with memory impairment other psychological factors are also responsible for loss of memory function. Study conducted on the evaluation of requirement of cognitive ability in future planning, it is evident that after certain age there is requirement of high level research and cognitive ability for future planning. Social involvement of the dementia patient is very much essential for the improvement in the disease. There is the availability of emotional, psychological and therapeutic interventions for management of dementia. Emotional and psychological interventions are proved to be more effective for the management of the dementia because in these interventions there is incorporation of person centered care. Future directions for research in dementia and psychological development include correct identification of the symptoms, development of specific intervention for the particular symptom, identification of mechanism behind different causes and symptoms of the disease. More preference should be given to the development of non-pharmacological interventions. Most importantly, these cognitive development studies in dementia should be carried with incorporation of large number of participants and with people from diverse culture and geographical areas. References: Barca, M.L, Thorsen, K., Engedal, K., Haugen, P.K, Johannessen A. (2014). Nobody asked me how I felt: experiences of adult children of persons with young-onset dementia. International Psychogeriatric, 26(12), 1935-44. Cerejeira, J., Lagarto, L., Mukaetova-Ladinska, E. B. (2012). Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. Frontiers in Neurology, 3, 73. PMCID: PMC3345875. Cheston, R., Bender, M. (1999). Understanding dementia: the man with worried eyes. London. Jessica Kingsley. Emery, O.B., Breslau, L. (1987). The acceleration process in Alzheimers disease: Thought dissolution in Alzheimers disease early onset and senile dementia Alzheimers type. The American Journal of Alzheimers Care and Related Disorders Research, 9110, 24-30. Feltham C. and Horton I. (2000). Handbook of Counselling and Psychotherapy. London. Sage. Frisoni, G. B., Rozzini, L., Gozzetti, A., Binetti, G., Zanetti, O., Bianchetti, A., et al., (1999). Behavioral syndromes in Alzheimers disease: description and correlates. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 10, 130138. Ginsberg, H., Opper, S. (1979). Piagets Theory of Intellectual Development (2nd ed). Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Prentice-Hall. Kostering, L., Stahl, C., Leonhart, R., Weiller, C., Kaller, C. (2014). Development of planning abilities in normal aging: Differential effects of specific cognitive demands. Developmental Psychology, 50(1), 293-303. LaFrancois, G.R. (1982). Psychology for Teaching (4th ed.). Belmont, CA. Wadsworth Publishing. Matteson, M.A., Linton, A.D., Barnes, S. J. (1996). Cognitive Developmental Approach to Dementia. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 28(3), 233-240. Monastero,R., Mangialasche, F., Camarda, C., Ercolani, S., Camarda, R.(2009). Asystematic review of neuropsychiatric symptoms in mild cognitiveimpairment. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 18, 1130. Nolen, N.R. (1988). Functional skill regression in late-stage dementias. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 42, 666-669. Pearman, A., Hertzog., C., Gerstorf, D. (2014). Little evidence for links between memory complaints and memory performance in very old age: longitudinal analyses from the Berlin Aging Study. Psychology and Aging, 29(4), 828-42. Prado-Jean,A., Couratier,P., Nubukpo,P., Bernard-Bourzeix,L., Thomas,P., et al., (2010). Specificpsy-chologicalandbehavioralsymptoms of depressioninpatientswith dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 25, 10651072. Reisherg, B. (1984). Stages of cognitive decline. American Journal of Nursing, 84, 225-228. Reisberg, B. (1985). Assessment tool for Alzheimers type dementia. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 6, 593-595. Rongve,A., Boeve,B.F., Aarsland, D. (2010). Frequency and correlates of caregiver-reported sleep disturbances in a sample of persons with early dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58, 480486. Thornbury, J.M. (1992). Cognitive performance on Piagetian tasks by Alzheimers disease patients. Research in Nursing Health, 15, 11-18. Weissberger, G.H, Salmon, D.P, Bondi, M.W, Gollan, T.H. (2013). Which neuropsychological tests predict progression to Alzheimer's disease in Hispanics? Neuropsychology, 27(3), 343-55.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
Introduction Sophocles wrote the play Antigone in the classic year 442BC. Antigone continues to draw interests and literary debates in the postmodernism era. Chief among the discussions in the play revolves around theories, obsessions and new perspectives of the classic play. It has been observed that, as a point of fact, the play has been an obsession in the 18th century to date. Indeed, scholastic interest and analysis explain the relationship between Antigone and the modern political, controversial and conflict laden times.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Theories of Desire specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nonetheless, other quarters are of the view that Antigone presents nothing to be thought about in the modern hence dismissing its relevance to modern interests and applications. This paper takes the modern approach in referring to the relevancy of the play by critically giving an insight on the pers pectives of the theories of desire. It is argued that desire in Antigone is greater than the confines of men and laws. Theories of Desire Desire in this context is used to describe the obsession that people have in the society. Obsession takes different shapes in the society because people have different experiences. An attempt to understand Antigone must be backed by modern adaptations of the play by the likes of Jean Cocteau, Bertolt Brecht, Jean Anouilh and Heaney. In the AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s text, the greatest concern revolves around an attack of the family, youth, lofty, ideals and love and friendship. Contrary to Sophocles play, Anouilh leaves the powerful illustration of the philosophy of the desire for death, foreignness and mixed registers. An analysis of these differences between the modern and classical texts helps to understand the mystery surrounding the philosophy of death in SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢s Antigone. In the classical Antigone, Sophocles clearly illustrates that Antigon e as a character is foreign to the land of Thebes as indicated by her words to her father shortly before his death. In the play, her nature of desire is hard to understand and is coupled with her religious concerns. This is different from Anouilh texts that espouse that Antigone choice of death is a motivation by the dullness and lack of passion in life due to loneliness. This life according to Anouilh is one that repeats itself in a cycle explained by boredom from one lack of compelling life cycle to another meaningless in the other. A reference to Anouilh may partly explain the recent happenings of the uprisings in the Muslim and Arab worlds (Sophocles and Johnston, p. 5). By analogy, the ideal held by the toppled governments represents CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s actions in some respects. The young and the old in these states represent the Antigone in AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s text. Years of state neglect to the necessary and basic requirements of the people found desires and insistence to live better lives embedded in the daily struggle and hearts of the citizens of these countries. Therefore, it is from one basic act of denying the necessary needs required for better lives in the future that finds form in a forceful nature. This is through sacrifice of lives and blood shedding, just like in Antigone.Advertising Looking for research paper on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Sophocles the idea of foreignness shadows AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and desires. Recapping the view of the Muslim and Arab worlds, it is also clear that the citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s modern approach to things is extremely foreign to the age old perspectives of the older order. Fueled by the modern use of technology especially, social media, the youth in these countries have the connection of a family with ideals and views that those in power are not privy to and do not even understand. For the old order, it is their home ground register; however, for the new generations, this is their point of action hence particularly foreign to what has already been established. The insistence on religiosity is a constant reminder of the value of belief in what is right and justice to follow. For Antigone, this bordered the belief she had in her traditions and hence her religion. For the youth in these countries, the belief in change for a better life and the need to chart new courses resembles what was in Antigone. However, AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s text must guide this view in the analysis that the Arab world uprising is not about the choice of death as Creon observes. Therefore, it becomes crucial to note that AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s text at this juncture departs from the tenets of the Arab life and its consequences to the modern people. It is the desire to right what is wrong in order that the future generations may reap the benefits of the philosophy of death. This is captured by Sophocles in Antigone of which later Creon finds truth in. In this sense then Antigone from Anouilh becomes a stranger to what Sophocles intended. The misrepresentation of Anouilh, thus, allows an understanding of the real impact of tragedy one that is well captured by Sophocles. In the words of Marcel AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s work lacks the quality needed to explain human drama. According to him, AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s by Sophocles, actions and desires can only be explained by invoking the ideas in religion just like Kierkegaard. Therefore, in this view, AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s text is a secularization of the actions in the tragedy Antigone (Sophocles and Johnston, p. 15). Sophocles tragedy is a clear emphasis on the absolute contradiction and irreconcilability between Antigone and Creon. Clearly from their perspectives they are both right in a powerful cancellation between the state and kinship. The problem is that they cannot comprehend one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s moral point of view and power in Sophocles text.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Theories of Desire specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conflict, as Sophocles espouses appears as a first layer of disharmony through antinomy in that between the two no one is ready to cede ground for the other of which Anouilh fails to indicate just Jean RacineÃ¢â¬â¢s text. In these two texts, AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s world is characterized as a doubt between the living and the dead through biological explanations. Creon and Antigone as presented Racine and Antigone indicate that they both had options, but they clearly intended to be antagonistic. On AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s insistence on foreignness and Kierkegaard rendition of the extent of subjectivity, it becomes clear that conflict between the state and the subject is a guaranteed occurrence. The fact lies in the view that taboos and transgressions in the society act in unison to decide the fate of those who uphold them at the expense of the state. Lacking commensurability in the ab ove view again is a source of conflict between the subject and the state based on guilt held by the subject. In this view Antigone, qualifies for both options in Sophocles classic Antigone. By extension, this explains the modern relationship between governments and their subjects. While religion states equality and democracy, Ã¢â¬Å"just like the flowing watersÃ¢â¬ ; a deep surgical analysis reveals that even the most democratic governments have instances of conspicuous treatment just like in CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s rule. Thus, KierkegaardÃ¢â¬â¢s observation that deviating from aesthetics is a necessity brings truth home in the case of modernity. This reinforces his assertion that it is the rebirth of modern tragedy. Taking the example of the declaration of emergency situations in any nation, it can be noted that not all subjects behave in a certain way to call for such measures. On the contrary, there are citizens who are good at least in light of the situation while their brothers and sisters are on the wrong side of the law. However, in this case, the good suffer without any attempt to rationalize the boundaries. On the second note, the subjectÃ¢â¬â¢s desire in favor of her point of view clearly puts the state and the subject on a collision path. A subject has the obligation to follow what the state requires of for effective and efficient governance. In addition, democracy defines that the voice of the majority should be heard. If the subject is not given his or her due demands, then necessary suffering is taken as justice. This is aimed at restoring the state under the invisible power of the subject. Further, this may translate to blood letting by a few who appear not realistic. In the end justice is achieved by the action of a few who deny their lives for a better cause. Therefore, in this desire, politics and what is necessary right governs the occurrence of such tragedy. Suffering can be in the form of death or even exile. In Sophocles Antigone, there is t he displacement of things from their normal order. In terms of gender and religion, Antigone as a character goes overboard of what is Athenian for her gender. Secondly, Antigone does not represent the state or the kinship and neither the living nor the dead.Advertising Looking for research paper on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This intermixing of desires lacks from AnouilhÃ¢â¬â¢s text. The fact that the play supports Antigone, though an outsider to the happenings; Teireisia, reveals that SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ view of the state as a static entity should be questioned under the guidance of principles not easily settled on common human understanding (Sophocles and Johnston, p. 39). AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s desire is absent according to Hegel. She represents what is admirable and what is acceptable in excess is too good to live. She represents those who cannot allow the state to carry own its activities without regard to whether right or wrong. This excess leads to Antigone showing that the way to gods who live in such excess. The occurrence of such needs for balance of equality on laws to all things under mankind is explained by this excess. Therefore, SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ text is a powerful reference to modernity on the will and power of religion, as opposed to the state authority. Antigone in the theory of desire as p resented by Sophocles is finally an examination of the problems of laws, family and state. AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s actions do not support any at either perspectives, and the boundaries that lie between them are the necessary ingredients to tragedy. The customs, the taboos and religion, and gender all play as factors to make desire in any one of these disastrous and dangerous. In essence, Antigone finds fault in what is established, but not written down as any law. This is forms AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to rise above this tragedy. Conclusion In this analysis, therefore, it is worthy to note that the desire in Antigone is greater than the confines of men and laws. It is greater than the state and all its wise men, greater than family obedience, greater than love and the powers operating in the realm of human understanding. AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s desire was thus like a process of justifying freedom in the confines of the society. However, religion should guide this proclamation. Works Cited Sopho cles and Johnston C. Ian. Antigone. Arlington, Virginia: Richer Resources Publications, 2007. Print. This research paper on Theories of Desire was written and submitted by user Aver1 to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Monday, March 9, 2020
CÃ ³mo llenar la planilla I-130 para pedir a cÃ ³nyuge Ã ¿Eres un ciudadano que quieres reclamar una tarjeta de residencia para tu esposo/a que se encuentra en otro paÃ s? ExplicaciÃ ³n paso a paso de la planilla (forma)Ã I-130 para estos casos.Ã Pedir la residencia para un cÃ ³nyuge extranjero de un ciudadano americano es un proceso con mÃ ºltiples pasos. Todo se inicia presentando una peticiÃ ³n al Servicio de CiudadanÃ a e InmigraciÃ ³n (USCIS, por sus siglas en ingles). Esta peticiÃ ³n implica llenar varias planillas y enviar copias de documentos. Pero el papel fundamental es el I-130. A continuaciÃ ³n sigue una explicaciÃ ³n detallada de quÃ © debes responder en cada pregunta del formulario, adaptado para el caso de que se trate de un ciudadano americano que reclama una tarjeta de residencia para su esposo/a y Ã ©ste est en el extranjero. ExplicaciÃ ³n paso a paso de cÃ ³mo llenar la planilla I-130 cuando un ciudadano reclama a un cÃ ³nyuge que se encuentra en el extranjero.Ã (En el Ã ºltimo prrafo podrs encontrar un enlace directo a la planilla I-130, que podrs descargarte gratuitamente - nunca pagues por un formulario del USCIS, son siempre gratis). Esta planilla tiene dos hojas.Ã Primera hoja: No escribas nada en la parte superior donde pone: DO NOT WRITE IN THIS BLOCK Baja el cursor hasta donde veas la letra A en mayÃ ºscula seguido de la palabra Relationship. AquÃ tÃ º, el ciudadano americano, debes contestar a tres preguntas. En la 1 marca con una x la opciÃ ³n husband/wife, ya que ests reclamando aÃ tu cÃ ³nyugeEn la 2 pregunta si tu cÃ ³nyuge y tÃ º ests emparentados por adopciÃ ³n. Marca No, a menos que eso no sea el caso.En la 3 pregunta si te hiciste residente por adopciÃ ³n. Marca SÃ o No, segÃ ºn sea tu caso. A continuaciÃ ³n vers que el la pgina se divideÃ (de un modo no muy claro) en dos columnas. La primera, bajo la letra B, en la que debes completar informaciÃ ³n sobre ti, que eres el ciudadano. En la columna de enfrente, que comienza con la letra C en mayÃ ºscula, sobre tu esposo/a extranjero. Vers que las preguntas de la 1 a la 12 para ambos y simplemente hay que contestar lo que corresponda a cada uno. Pregunta 1. Nombre, empezando por el apellido (en mayÃ ºsculas), seguido por el primer nombre y el segundo, si lo hubiera. Por ejemplo: RODRIGUEZ Ã MarÃ a Luz. Escribir el del ciudadano y en la columna de enfrente el delÃ cÃ ³nyuge Pregunta 2. La direcciÃ ³n de cada uno en el momento actual.Ã Pregunta 3. Lugar de nacimiento, colocando primero la ciudad y luego el paÃ s. Por ejemplo: si Madrid, Spain y lo que correspondaÃ para tu esposo/a. Pregunta 4: Fecha de nacimiento. Escribirla poniendo dos dÃ gitos para el mes seguido del dÃ a y cuatro dÃ gitos para el aÃ ±o. Por ejemplo, para escribir el 24 de septiembre de 1967 hay que poner 09/24/1967. Pregunta 5: GÃ ©nero, marcando male si se es hombre y female si se es mujer. Nota: desde junio de 2013 los matrimonios homosexuales y de lesbianas tienen beneficios migratorios como los de las parejas heterosexuales, con lo que es posible marcar en las dos columnas la opciÃ ³n de varÃ ³n o la de mujer.Ã Pregunta 6: Marcar married, ya que Ã ©sta se trata de una peticiÃ ³n que americano realiza para su esposo/a extranjero. Pregunta 7: Otros nombres. Por ejemplo, si se han utilizado legalmente otros apellidos, como puede ser en el caso de mujeres que han estado casadas previamente utilizando el apellidos de sus anteriores maridos, o casos en los que ha habido una adopciÃ ³n y se usado dos nombres, etc. Si siempre se han utilizado los mismos y jams ha habido un cambio entonces hay que escribir None (no dejar en blanco). Pregunta 8: Fecha y lugar del matrimonio actual. Por ejemplo, si te casaste en Lima el 27 de julio de 2013 escribir 07/27/2013 Ã Lima, Peru. Pregunta 9: escribe en tu columna tuÃ NÃ ºmero del Seguro Social. En la columna de tuÃ esposo/a escribir None, salvo en casos muy concretos en que tuviera uno (de los de verdad) porque en el pasado estuvo viviendo en EEUU y obtuvo uno legalmente, ponerlo.Ã Pregunta 10: Escribir None tanto en tu columna como en la de tu cÃ ³nyuge. Puede que en el pasado tuvieras uno alien registration number, si en el pasado fuiste un residente permanente legal. Pero ahora eres un ciudadano, asÃ que debes contestar None. En el caso de tu esposo/a, en la mayorÃ a de los casos la respuesta es None. Pero puede suceder que en el pasado hubiera tenido uno, por la razÃ ³n que fuera. En ese caso, anotarlo. Pregunta 11: Si has estado casado previamente, escribir el nombre de la persona que fue tu marido o tu mujer. Y lo mismo en la columna de tu cÃ ³nyuge. Si uno de ustedes o los dos nunca han estado casados escribir None (sÃ ³loÃ matrimonios legales, vivir juntos no cuenta). Pregunta 12: Poner la fecha en la que el anterior matrimonio/s acabaron. Por ejemplo, si te divorciaste el 3 de agosto de 2007 escribir 08/03/2007. El matrimonio pudo finalizar por divorcio, nulidad o viudedad. FÃ jate que hay espacio para poner ms de un matrimonio anterior, si ese fuera el caso. A partir de aquÃ ya no contestas por ti y por tu cÃ ³nyuge a las mismas preguntas, sino que son diferentes. Pregunta 13: En la columna del ciudadano, te preguntan cÃ ³mo te convertiste enÃ estadounidense. Marca una x en birth in the US si naciste en Estados Unidos o uno de sus territorios, como Puerto Rico. Marca NaturalizaciÃ ³n si fuiste residente permanente y te convertirse en ciudadano por naturalizaciÃ ³n. En este caso necesitas tener a mano el certificado de ciudadanÃ a que te dieron en la ceremonia y anotar el nÃ ºmero y la fecha y el lugar en el que te lo dieron. Ã Por Ã ºltimo, marca la opciÃ ³n parents si eres ciudadano porÃ ser hijo de estadounidense, aunque naciste en otro paÃ s o si te convertirse en uno cuando tu pap o tu mam se naturalizaron y tÃ º ya eras residente permanente, vivÃ as con ellos y eras menor de edad. Si marcas parents no te olvides de especificar si tienes certificado de ciudadanÃ a, marcando la casilla correspondiente y anotando su nÃ ºmero y fecha y lugar en el que fue emitido.Ã Pregunta 13: pregunta sobre el cÃ ³nyuge para el que se pide la residencia: Hay que seÃ ±alar con un sÃ o un no si la persona ha estado alguna vez en Estados Unidos, como por ejemplo, de turista, de estudiante, etc.Ã Pregunta 14: La parte del ciudadano consta de dos subpreguntas, la primera hay que contestar N/A, es decir, no aplicable, ya que sÃ ³lo tendrÃ as que contestarla si fueses residente permanente. Y no lo eres, ya que ests rellenando una aplicaciÃ ³n como ciudadano americano.Ã Justo debajo de esa pregunta, donde pone 14b, debes contestar sÃ o no a si obtuviste la residencia por matrimonio con un ciudadano o un residente. La respuesta es no: Si has nacido en Estados Unidos o Puerto RicoSi eres americano por tus padresSi eres americano por naturalizaciÃ ³n, pero la tarjeta de residencia que tuviste anteriormente la obtuviste por trabajo, por ser hermano, hijo, padre o madre de un ciudadano o por ser hijo de un residente permanente legal Por el contrario, debes marcar laÃ respuesta de sÃ (donde pone Yes), en el caso de ser ciudadano por naturalizaciÃ ³n siempre y cuandoÃ antes sacaste tu greencard por matrimonio. Pregunta 14 para el esposo para el que se pide la tarjeta. Como Ã ©sta es una aplicaciÃ ³n para pedir a un esposo que est fuera de Estados Unidos, esta pregunta no aplica y por lo tanto hay que contestar N/A donde pone He or she arrived as a: Adems, hay que dejar sin escribir nada en las dos lÃ neas siguientes y pasar directamente a la pregunta siguiente. Pregunta 15: sÃ ³lo aplica al esposo extranjero. Pregunta nombre de la empresa para la que trabaja en la actualidad. Poner el nombre o responder N/A si no est trabajando. Y en la lÃ nea siguiente poner la fecha en la que se empezÃ ³ a trabajar en esa compaÃ ±Ã a. Pregunta 16: es muy importante contestar correctamente y la verdad a esta pregunta. Si el esposo extranjero para el que se pide el permiso de residencia ha estado previamente en Estados Unidos es posible que haya tenido un procedimiento deÃ inmigraciÃ ³n. Contestar honestamente no o sÃ , segÃ ºn sea la respuesta correcta. Y si la contestaciÃ ³n es afirmativa, entonces poner dÃ ³nde (where) y cundo (when) y justo debajo con un aspa en forma de cruz (x) marcar la casilla correspondiente.Ã Ã ¿Cundo marcar Removal? Cuando con posterioridad al abril de 1997 la persona fue deportada o se le prohibiÃ ³ la entrada en Estados Unidos y se la expulsÃ ³. Por ejemplo, llegÃ ³ a la aduana con una visa y se la enviÃ ³ de vuelta al paÃ s del que venÃ a porque el oficial de inmigraciÃ ³n considerÃ ³ que era inadmisible. O cuando un juez ordenÃ ³ una deportaciÃ ³n. O cuando cruzÃ ³ ilegalmente la frontera, fue agarrada y se la expulsÃ ³. Ã ¿Cundo marcar Exclusion/deportation? En los mismos casos seÃ ±alados en el prrafo anterior sobre removal, pero cuando tuvieron lugar antes de abril de 1997. Ã ¿Cundo marcar rescission?Ã Cuando se ha tenido una tarjeta de residencia (greencard) y un juez de inmigraciÃ ³n decidiÃ ³ quitrsela. Ã ¿Cundo marcar judicial proceedings? Cuando se ha tenido un trmite de cualquier tipo ante una corte de inmigraciÃ ³n.Ã Si la persona para la que se pide la tarjeta ha sido deportada, expulsada o ha tenido un caso ante un juez de inmigraciÃ ³n entonces es muy conveniente consultar con un abogado antes de seguir y enviar la aplicaciÃ ³n, para analizar con detenimiento las circunstancias del caso. Recordar que estos casos de deportaciÃ ³n tienen una penalidad. Pasar a la pgina siguiente, que es la nÃ ºmero dos y Ã ºltima Desde la parte superior hasta aproximadamente la mitad de pgina se desarrolla la secciÃ ³n C, donde se pide informaciÃ ³n sobre el cÃ ³nyuge extranjero. Pregunta 17: Hay que enumerar el nombre del esposo/a americanoÃ y el de todos los hijos que tenga elÃ esposo/a extranjero para el que se pide la tarjeta de residencia,Ã tanto biolÃ ³gicos como adoptados, tanto nacidos en matrimonio o fuera de Ã ©l. No importa ni la edad de los hijos, ni si estn casados o solteros y si se piensa pedirlos para que emigren a Estados Unidos o no. Lo Ã ºnico que hay que hacer es poner el nombre de TODOS los hijos que tiene el esposo extranjero.Ã Adems, hay que especificar el tipo de parentesco, la fecha y paÃ s de nacimiento. Ejemplo, eres una mujer ciudadana y pides a tu esposo, que tienes dos hijos de una relaciÃ ³n anterior y un hijastro fruto de un matrimonio anterior. HabrÃ a que rellenar este apartado asÃ : MarÃ a Luz RodrÃ guez (es decir, tu nombre), wife (o husband, si eres un hombre) Ã 09/24/1967 Spain (este serÃ a el nombre y los datos del ciudadano americano que hace la peticiÃ ³n)Isabel Fernndez Iglesias daughter Ã 04/18/2009 (hija del esposo extranjero)Diego Fernndez Iglesias son Ã 07/27/2010 (hijo del esposo extranjero)Fernando Snchez Iglesias stepson 12/12/2004 (hijastro del esposo extranjero) Pregunta 18: La direcciÃ ³n en Estados Unidos donde vivirÃ a tu esposo/a, una vez que saque la tarjeta de residencia. Obviamente, al tratarse de un matrimonio, tienes que poner tu direcciÃ ³n. Pregunta 19: La direcciÃ ³n de tu esposo/a en el paÃ s en el que reside actualmente. TambiÃ ©n escribir el nÃ ºmero de telÃ ©fono. Pregunta 20: responder N/A, ya que sÃ ³lo aplica a personas que utilizan un alfabeto distinto al nuestro, como por ejemplo los chinos, los griegos o los rabes. Pregunta 21: Si has compartido casa con tu esposo/a, escribe la direcciÃ ³n y la fecha de inicio y de fin de esa convivencia. Posiblemente tengas que contestar N/A, si es que nunca habÃ ©is vivido juntos. Pregunta 22: La respuesta es N/A porque ests pidiendo los papeles para tu cÃ ³nyuge que est en el extranjero. Y esta pregunta sÃ ³lo aplica si es que tu esposo/a est ya en Estados Unidos y va a aplicar por un ajuste de estatus. Las siguientes dos preguntas corresponden al apartado D y son las siguientes Pregunta 1: si adems de por tu esposo/a ests enviando ms peticiones para hijos o hijastros, debes decir a quiÃ ©n ms pides (que necesariamente tiene que ser en otra peticiÃ ³n separada) y cul es la relaciÃ ³n. Por ejemplo, si tambiÃ ©n pides a la hija de tu marido, poner su nombre y aÃ ±adir la palabra stepdaughter, que es hijastra, que es la relaciÃ ³n que tiene contigo. Pregunta 2: Tienes que contestar sÃ o no si has realizado una peticiÃ ³n de tarjeta de residencia con anterioridad, para tu cÃ ³nyuge o para otra persona. Si contestas sÃ debes poner su nombre, el lugar y la fecha en la que realizaste la peticiÃ ³n y el resultado. Por ejemplo, pediste a tu hermano hace dos aÃ ±os. Entonces marca la casilla de yes y en la lÃ nea siguiente escribe los datos que te piden. Por ejemplo, si yo hubiera pedido a mi hermano hace diez aÃ ±os y la peticiÃ ³n fue aprobada escribirÃ a: Carlos RodrÃ guez, Vermont, 03/05/2003 Approved Apartado E. del I-130 Debes firmar a mano (por lo que despuÃ ©s de acabar de llenar todo el formulario procede a imprimir y acuÃ ©rdate de firmar en ese momento) Antes de imprimir,Ã poner la fecha en la que has cumplimentado la planilla yÃ tu nÃ ºmero de telÃ ©fono. Finalmente el apartado F sÃ ³lo aplica en los casos en los que otra persona haya rellenado por ti esta planilla, como una agencia o un abogado. Ã ¿CÃ ³mo saber si el USCIS ha recibido la solicitud y si la ha aprobado? Para estos efectos, el USCIS se comunica enviando al solicitante unos documentos conocidos como NOA1 y NOA2. Ã ¿quÃ © son y quÃ © informaciÃ ³n comunican? Planilla que necesitas Descarga gratis el I-130.Ã Adems, enviar toda la documentaciÃ ³n necesaria de apoyo y si est en un idioma distinto al inglÃ ©s, se debe certificar la traducciÃ ³n. Este es un artÃ culo informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal.
Friday, February 21, 2020
Quanttitative Social - Research Paper Example Marijuana legalization is a big issue where society is supporting or arguing against it. When the driver smokes marijuana, the THC goes into the blood rapidly and the smoker remains high for an hour or so (Jones, Holmgren & Kugelberg, 2008, pp. 452-461). When the driver mixes marijuana with food it takes a long time for it to be digested and absorbed into the blood. Consequently, the user remains high for approximately twelve hours. Clearing the user's blood of THC takes one month. Additionally, marijuana has been ranked fourth after caffeine, alcohol and nicotine as the world's most widely used. Most people believe that the bad effects of marijuana outnumber its benefits. According to the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF), 1.5 percent of drivers who were surveyed in the Road Safety Monitor of 2002 had used marijuana two hours prior to taking the wheel (Kelly, Darke & Ross, 2009, pp. 319-344). The survey discovered that young men are the most likely to drive after using marijuana and other illegal drugs. A third of those who admitted to driving after using marijuana had also been involved in drinking. ... 38-52). Furthermore, 20 percent reported to have driven within an hour after using marijuana (Bingham et al, 2007, pp. 23-37). Limitations of the tool for answering your research question Time and level of study restraints played an important role when considering the scope of the research. These were two factors of particular importance when setting the parameters in regards to the breadth and depth of the work to be presented. For that reason, this study did not attempt to present all the researched material in detail but rather to provide a concise, yet thorough overview of the chosen material. The analysis of practical considerations such as economics or logistics or the discussion of opposing points of views was not taken up in this study. Part B Introduction and overview of the proposal While marijuana remains illegal, it is now classified with barbiturates and amphetamines rather than heroin. The advisory council responsible for recommending this change stressed that marijuana is undeniably harmful and was anxious that the drivers be informed of the dangers associated using it. While responding to recommendations made by a special committee on illegal drugs, the US government is not close to decriminalizing possession of marijuana. Drivers can be charged if impaired by marijuana. Criminal charges can be laid if a driver is high on marijuana. The likelihood of a crash when a driver is high is known to increase substantially depending on how much THC is in the blood. Proposed participants A study showed that marijuana raises the danger by 10 times of non-lymphoblastic leukemia in children of mothers who used marijuana just before or during pregnancy. Leukemia was not increased by other drugs such as alcohol